Latest cardiac and vascular disease research

A new superpill could dramatically reduce a person’s risk of heart disease and stroke, adding years to their life, a new study from the United States has claimed.

Researchers at the Mount Sinai Hospital in New York found that a three-in-one tablet that costs as little as 5p per day lowered the chances of premature death when given to patients that have previously suffered a cardiac attack.

At present, people recovering from heart complaints are generally given a number of drugs, such as statins, aspirins and medications for blood pressure. This new polypill combines these drugs in one and only needs to be taken once each day.

The study, which was led by Dr Valentin Fuster, stated that pill has “immense potential” with few “adverse effects”.

It added that further research is needed, but the drugs have could alter “the face of health” across the planet.

Cardiovascular disease is one of the world’s biggest killers, accounting for around 30 per cent of all the deaths each year. Low and middle income nations are the most affected and estimates suggest that by 2030 the number of people dying from heart disease and stroke will rise to more than 23.3 million globally.

Benefits of exercise

News of this new superpill comes in the same week that a study published by the IOWA State University revealed that a person who exercises for as little as seven minutes each day is less likely to suffer from a heart condition.

The research involved more than 55,000 participants aged between 18 and 100. Each was asked about how often they ran and for how long before their health was tracked over a period of 15 years.

During that time, around 3,400 of participants died, with approximately 1,200 perishing due to cardiovascular problems, including stroke and heart disease.

Those that ran for even short periods each day were found to be 30 per cent likely to die from all causes and 45 per cent less likely to be diagnosed with cardiovascular disease compared to those that said they did not run at all.

The study’s lead author, Duck-Chul Lee, said it was the largest research of its kind ever conducted and he hoped it would serve as an incentive to get more people thinking about their health and exercising regularly.

He added that while previous studies have pointed to the health benefits of 20 minutes exercise each day, getting around 50 minutes each week will be more than sufficient.

The research can be read in full in the July edition of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.